Allergy

2015-05-19 By

Location & Symptoms : Generalised. Often accompanied by runny nose and sore eyes.

Precipitating factors : Seasonal  - allergens, such as pollens, can trigger hay fever and sinusitis.

Treatment/prevention : May include anti-histamine medication and decongestant nasal sprays.

Altitude Sickness

2015-05-19 By

Location & Symptoms : Headache is the most frequent complaint of climbers who ascend to high altitudes without oxygen support. Commonly affects both sides of the head, but is limited to one side in about one-quarter of cases.

Precipitating factors : Altitude.

Treatment/prevention : May be prevented in some instances by taking drugs that alter salt and fluid balance.

Aneurysm

2015-05-19 By

Location & Symptoms : Sudden, severe onset (‘thunderclap’) of pain. In early stages, may mimic migraine or cluster headaches. Symptoms may also include loss of consciousness, a stiff neck, and double vision.

Precipitating factors : Family history, uncontrolled hypertension.

Treatment/prevention : Urgent hospital treatment should be sought. Treatment may include surgery, and medication to keep blood pressure under control.

Arthritis

2015-07-20 By

Location & Symptoms :

Pain at the back of head and upper neck. Often made worse by movement.

Precipitating factors :

Bony changes in the structure of the neck

Treatment/prevention :

May be relieved by anti-inflammatory drugs

Brain Cancer / Tumour

2015-05-19 By

Location & Symptoms :

Severe headaches, progressively becoming worse. It is rare that a headache is the only symptom the patient has -other symptoms may include vomiting, visual disturbances, a weakness in an arm and/or leg, speech problems, personality changes or epileptic fits.

Precipitating factors :

Unknown.

Treatment/prevention :

Treatment may include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, or some combination of these.

 

Chinese Restaurant Syndrome

2015-05-19 By

Location & Symptoms : Sensations of pressure and tightness in the face, burning over the trunk, neck and shoulders; pressing pain in the chest. Headache is a pressure or throbbing over the temples and a band like sensation around the forehead, coming on 20-25 minutes after eating Chinese food and lasting for an hour.

Precipitating factors : About 3 grams of MSG (monosodium L-glutamate) will affect sensitive individuals, contained in about 200 millilitres of wonton soup.

Treatment/prevention : Avoid food containing MSG- ask before ordering which items on the menu contain MSG.

Chronic Daily Headache

2015-05-19 By

Location & Symptoms : Pain is all over head, diffuse and dull, every day. There may be additional migraine attacks. Usually occurs in 30s and 40s. General feeling of being unwell. Types of CDH are Transformed Migraine, New Persistent Daily Headache and Hemicrania Continua.

Precipitating factors : Daily recurrence can be the result of associated anxiety and depression, or may be associated with overuse of medication.

Treatment/prevention : Relaxation therapy, psychological counselling, amitriptyline, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Chronic Migraine

2015-07-20 By

Location & Symptoms :

See Chronic Migraine.

What is Chronic Migraine?

There are two types of migraine – Episodic Migraine and Chronic Migraine – each
determined by frequency of headache days.

Chronic Migraine is a debilitating condition where patients suffer headaches for 15 days or
more per month, with migraine on at least 8 of those days. In real terms, this means that a
person who suffers from Chronic Migraine has a headache or migraine for more than half the
days in the month.

Although Chronic Migraine is distinct from other types of headache and migraine,
approximately 80 per cent of people meeting the definition of Chronic Migraine may not have
received a diagnosis a

Chronic Paroxysmal Hemicrania (CPH)

2015-05-19 By

Location & Symptoms :

A variant of cluster headache, however shorter in duration but more frequent, from 6 up to 20 attacks per day. While for cluster headaches men are more affected, it is women who are more affected by CPH.

Precipitating factors :

See cluster headache.

Treatment/prevention :

Frequent daily episodes of CPH almost always respond to the use of 25-50mg of indomethacin taken three times daily.

Cluster Headache

2015-07-20 By

Location & Symptoms :

Severe pain centred around one eye. May include drooping eyelid, watering eye and nasal congestion. Most frequently affects males. May be episodic or chronic.

Precipitating factors :

None known.

Treatment/prevention :

During acute attacks, treatment may include oxygen inhalation, sumatriptan subcutaneous injection, ergotamine and intranasal lignocaine. Preventative medications may include calcium channel blockers, lithium, ergotamine, methysergide and corticosteroids

DISCLAIMER: The information provided is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between a patient / site visitor and his / her existing health care professionals.